Mining surveying, also known as mining geodesy, is an issue related to geodetic services for underground, opencast and borehole mining. Surveying and geological documentation is an obligatory element of the functioning of mining plants. The provisions of the mining law concerning the surveying and geological documentation oblige the company to submit information on the mining plant to the Mining Office. Our company offers control and supervision over mining activities, which includes:
- Geodetic situational and height measurements of mines
- Measurements of the volume of extracted/storage material in the mining plant
- Mining area deformation measurements
- Preparation and updating of surveying and cartographic documentation as well as the geological and mining situation
- Control of the compliance of mining works with the approved operation plan
To carry out measurements for the mining industry, we use the low-altitude aerial photogrammetry technique using non-metric photos. The technology consists in processing digital photos into digital terrain models, orthophotomaps or 3D point clouds, constituting a spatial, finite representation of the terrain consisting of points with X, Y, Z coordinates. In order to fit the point cloud into the National Coordinate Systems, photo points are set up in the field which are measured with a GPS receiver. After installing the photopoints, we perform a photogrammetric flight, as a result of which we obtain photogrammetric photos.
Presentation of data
In addition to providing the client with the right documentation, we ensure that the spatial models we acquire can be used as widely as possible. We always try to choose the optimal way of presentation and transfer of data. We provide, among others:
- Internet platform with access to 3D model, orthophoto-map or DSM model with the possibility to browse, make measurements and cross-sections or even apply your own layers or design
See an example
- Printing models on 3D printers
- Virtual flights through 3D models in mp4 files.
See an example
- 3D models on the Sketchfab platform
See an example
As a result of appropriate data processing, we can offer several products - both for full 3D and classic 2D work. These are, among others, orthophoto-maps, projections, cross-sections, longitudinal profiles and various thematic maps.
A point cloud is a multi-million point set that is a geometric representation of a scanned object.
Clouds are acquired either indirectly (photogrammetry) or directly (3D laser scanning). There is a possibility to provide a cloud that is a combination of both technologies, which allows for full imaging of a scanned object.
Point clouds are usually so dense that they appear to form a continuous surface. The density of a point cloud depends on the class of scanner, its accuracy settings, and the distance from the object being scanned. Each point has a colour assigned to it, which makes it easier to identify the reconstructed objects in the cloud. Unlike the photogrammetry technique, the acquired point cloud has a scale, so measurements can be performed on it immediately without the need for fitting.
Upon client’s request, the cloud is provided in Polish Coordinate System 2000. Available data exchange formats include: LAS, LAZ, PLY, XYZ, RCP and RCS. Point cloud can be conveniently viewed and measured in Autodesk Recap software. Additionally, it can be loaded into AutoCAD, Microstation, Cyclone or ArcGIS software.
Application: Design, architectonic, visualization and planning purposes
3D model with superimposed texture
3D model with superimposed texture: OBJ, STL, PLY, FBX and 3D PDF.
It is possible to load the file into programs such as Revit, Inventor, Meshmixer, Infraworks, 3D Studio Max and Sketchup and print it on a 3D printer.
Application: Visualization and planning purposes
Orthophoto-map is a cartometric image acquired as a result of processing a photo taken by an unmanned aerial vehicle (BSP, drone). It is a comprehensive source of knowledge about a given space.
The image obtained from the drone is characterized by a high resolution of the field pixel (at the level of 1 cm), which allows us to identify even the smallest elements of the infrastructure. In contrast to the aerial photo, orthophoto-map has a uniform scale for the entire surface of flat field. The use of drones in surveying work enables the preparation of an orthophoto-map of a given area even of several hundred hectares. The product is georeferenced which makes it possible to read the map in the appropriate software and to make the project and add resources in the form of the basic or register map.
It is possible to load maps with accurate georeferencing into such programs as AutoCAD Map 3D, AutoCAD Civil 3D, Microstation and ArcGIS.
Uses: spatial planning, land registry modernization, environmental analysis, designing construction works, site visualization, detecting changes in the natural environment, creating documentation of natural disasters, quality control of maps and cartographic data
Numerical land coverage model
Numerical coverage model provides precise representation of the existing field, which generates a wide range of possibilities for analysis, comparison, calculation, design and spatial planning.
The available formats are: GEOTIFF, XYZ, LAS and LAZ. It is possible to import the file to AutoCAD Map 3D, AutoCAD Civil 3D, ArcGIS and Microstation.
Videos and photos with editing
Tworzymy filmy w dowolnej jakości – nawet do 4K. Dokumentacja video pozwala na precyzyjną inspekcję
We create films in any quality - even up to 4K. Video documentation allows for a precise inspection of a specific element. We also offer visualisations in the universal MPEG4 (MP4) format which enables a comfortable presentation of an object to a Client, investor or supervisory inspector. We offer taking a very large number of photographs (from several dozen to several thousand - depending on the size of an object) with a resolution of up to 36 MP.
The photos are in a customized format.
Application: Very detailed documentation of an object and its changes over time
We deliver films in MP4 or AVI format.
Application: Very detailed documentation of a specific component
Calculations of volume, area and length
The information is supplemented by an appropriate graphical presentation, authenticating the calculated value.
We use low-altitude aerial photogrammetry technique with the use of non-metric images. The technology involves processing digital images to a 3D point cloud, which is a spatial, finite representation of field consisting of points with coordinates X, Y, Z and the colour value of each point (pixels).
In order to calculate the volume of earthworks, we create numerical field models in the form of TIN (Triangulated Irregular Network) grid in AutoCad Civil 3D software.
The computational task is to compare the created numerical field models (TIN meshes). The difference between the 3D surfaces is obtained and then the values of excavations and embankments between the models are calculated.
Cross-sections and projections
An interesting product for documenting building structures is the orthometric projection.
It is a fully cartometric representation of a specific plane, e.g. a façade, a building front, an acoustic screen or a retaining wall. Saving to a TIFF file enables us to review an object in high resolution. Depending on the Client’s wish, cross-sections may be saved to CAD (DWG, DXF) or PDF files.
Application: Creating a clear architectural and construction inventory (mainly for planned renovations).
3D modelling is a process in which we use software to transform a mathematical representation of an object into a 3D model. The created object is called a three-dimensional model used in branches such as mining, industry, construction or architecture.
3D modelling facilitates communication of ideas, is used to create interactive positioning of objects or surfaces that represent the actual design. It provides control of the real condition with design parameters. It allows us to create a part of a physical object in a very fast time, so we can make analyses of physical properties and then update the model as needed.
Available data formats are: DWG, DXF, DGN, STP and others. Models (solids) are created by us on the basis of a point cloud to maximally facilitate the Client’s work in such programs as AutoCAD Civil 3D, Inventor, Revit or Archicad. Processed buildings, machines or pipe networks give the possibility to work comfortably in the environment familiar to the designer.
Online application - sharing 3D measurements
Our company offers data sharing on platforms such as Sketchfab and Cloud PIX4Dcloud, as well as YouTube.
Sketchfab is a platform that allows us to publish our 3D models online. It uses WebGl technology, thanks to which we can view or share our files without having to install any plug-ins in our browsers.
PIX4Dcloud is an online platform for mapping data acquired from photogrammetric air shots, tracking progress and documentation. It allows us to create 2D maps and 3D models from the received images. It enables distance, area and volume measurements, as well as virtual inspections of the area of interest. It generates elevation profiles and allows us to share the results with stakeholders.